What Is Wheel Backspacing?
Wheel backspacing refers to the distance between the wheel’s inner edge and the mounting surface. This distance is critical for ensuring that wheels fit properly in the vehicle without causing issues like poor handling or stress on the wheel bearings and suspension system.
Higher backspacing means the wheel sits more inward, closer to the vehicle’s suspension components, while lower backspacing results in the wheel sitting outward, potentially protruding past the fender.
How to Measure Wheel Backspacing?
To measure wheel backspacing, you need a straightedge and a tape measure. Follow these steps:
- Remove the wheel from the vehicle and lay it face down on a flat surface.
- Place the straightedge across the wheel’s backside, ensuring it’s flush with the rim.
- Measure the distance from the straightedge to the wheel’s mounting surface. This distance is the backspacing. This measurement should be taken in inches for precision.
Wheel Backspacing vs Offset: How They Are Related to Each Other?
While both backspacing and offset relate to wheel positioning, they serve different purposes. Backspacing measures the distance from the wheel’s inner edge to its mounting surface, determining how far the wheel sits inside the wheel well.
Offset, on the other hand, measures the position of the wheel’s mounting surface about its centerline, affecting how the wheel is positioned relative to the vehicle’s hub.
Understanding both measurements is essential for proper wheel fitment. Proper backspacing ensures that the wheel fits inside the wheel well without rubbing against fenders or suspension components. Offset affects whether the wheel will be evenly spaced within the wheel well, which is vital for optimal performance and appearance.
How To Convert Wheel Backspacing to Offset and Vice Versa?
Converting between wheel backspacing and offset involves straightforward formulas:
From Offset to Backspacing
For positive offset wheels: (Wheel Width +1)/2 + (offset * .03937)
For negative offset wheels: (Wheel Width +1)/2 – (offset * .03937)
From Backspacing to Offset
Backspacing – (Wheel Width + 1)/2 * 25.4 = offset
Round off the result to the nearest millimeter. A negative number indicates a negative offset, while a positive number signifies a positive offset.
Do I Need More or Less Wheel Backspacing?
Choosing between more or less wheel backspacing depends on your vehicle’s design and requirements. More backspacing positions the wheel closer to suspension components, which is suitable for vehicles with enough space to avoid rubbing.
Less backspacing positions the wheel further out, providing more space for larger brake systems but may not be suitable for all vehicle types. Essentially, the right amount of backspacing ensures that your wheels do not interfere with essential components like brakes and suspension.