Nitrogen tire inflation is a method where nitrogen gas is used to fill vehicle tires instead of standard air. It has gained attention in both the automotive and aviation industries. This article explores the various facets of nitrogen tire inflation, its benefits &drawbacks, specific use in aviation, costs, and considerations for its use in everyday vehicles.
Benefits of Inflating Tires with Nitrogen
Nitrogen offers several advantages over air for tire inflation:
- Maintaining Proper Tire Pressure: Nitrogen molecules are larger than oxygen molecules. This leads to a slower leakage rate and helps maintain proper tire pressure for longer periods.
- Reduced Oxidation and Corrosion: As a dry and non-reactive gas, nitrogen minimizes moisture inside the tire. Therefore, reducing the risk of oxidation and corrosion that can damage tires and wheels.
- Better Fuel Efficiency: Tires at the correct pressure use fuel more efficiently. Nitrogen-filled tires lose pressure more slowly and can improve gas mileage over time.
- Longer Tire Life: The ability of nitrogen to maintain proper pressure and reduce oxidation can lead to less wear and tear on tires, potentially extending their lifespan.
Drawbacks of Inflating Tires with Nitrogen
Despite its benefits, nitrogen inflation also has its disadvantages:
- Accessibility and Affordability: Nitrogen is not as readily available as air and can be more expensive. Many gas stations and car service centers offer free air pumps while nitrogen filling may cost up to $20 per tire.
- Compatibility with Most Tires: Unlike nitrogen, air is compatible with all types of tires without the need for specific types.
- Easy Top-Offs and Maintenance: It’s easier and more convenient to top off tires with air, as nitrogen filling stations are less widespread.
Nitrogen Inflation In Aviation
In aviation, nitrogen is the preferred choice for inflating airplane tires. Why? It is mainly due to its ability to maintain consistent pressure, which is critical in the face of the inconsistent temperatures encountered during flight.
Airplane tires experience extreme variations in temperature, from the cold conditions at high altitudes to the intense heat generated during takeoff and landing. Regular air, which contains moisture, can introduce moisture inside the tires. This moisture can freeze at high altitudes and lead to inconsistent tire pressures. The moisture can also facilitate oxidation and corrosion, particularly at lower temperatures.
Nitrogen is a dry and stable gas and it mitigates these risks by preventing moisture entry and maintaining stable pressure despite temperature fluctuations. Additionally, its non-flammable nature enhances safety. This makes it an ideal choice in the aviation industry where tire integrity and performance are crucial for safe operations.
How Much Does It Cost to Inflate a Tire With Nitrogen?
The cost of inflating a tire with nitrogen varies:
- For New Car Tires: The price can range from $70 to $180, depending on the service provider.
- For Existing Tires: The cost to drain air and refill with nitrogen can be up to $20 per tire. While refills cost around $5 to $7 per tire.
Should You Really Use Nitrogen In Your Vehicle Tires?
The decision to use nitrogen in vehicle tires depends on individual needs and circumstances. While nitrogen can provide more consistent tire pressure and reduce the risk of oxidation and corrosion, its benefits may not be significant enough for most drivers to notice in everyday conditions.
Additionally, the higher cost and less accessibility of nitrogen compared to air are important factors to consider. Ultimately, for those who regularly check and maintain their tire pressure, the advantages of nitrogen may not outweigh its disadvantages.